What is hypertension?

Commonly known as high blood pressure, a common disorder in which, the blood exerts excessive pressure on the arterial walls, which in time can can lead to health problems, such as heart disease.

Blood pressure is determined both by the amount of blood the heart pumps and by the amount of resistance to blood flow in the arteries. The more blood the heart pumps, and the narrower the arteries, the higher the blood pressure.

You can have high blood pressure for years without having symptoms. Even without symptoms, the damage to the blood vessels and to your heart is still occurring and can be detected. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases your risk of serious health problems, including heart attacks and strokes.

High blood pressure usually appears over a period of many years, and eventually affects almost everyone. Fortunately, it is easily detected and once known, you can work with your doctor to control and reduce it.

Which mushrooms have useful properties for hypertension?

Reishi Hifas da Terra: useful properties

Reishi

Shown to reduce hypertension
There are numerous studies on the effect of Reishi extracts as a reducer of hypertension. The mushroom has shown to regulate angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) responsible for controlling blood pressure.

Polyporus Hifas da Terra

Polyporus

Anti-diuretic capacity
Certain compounds present in Polyporus may increase the extraction of water in the body thus having a diuretic effect.

 

Nutritional recommendations and general healthy habits for the maintenance of a good state of health

  • Avoid meat products, especially red meat and derivatives such as sausages.
  • In general, you can not take baked goods or pastries.
  • You should also avoid the consumption of pre-cooked and dried fast-food type soup soups.
  • Avoid or reduce salt consumption to a minimum. When you consume it, choose preferably unrefined salt. You can substitute the garnishes of the meals with spices, for example.
  • When cooking and seasoning your dishes always use extra virgin olive oil, prioritizing its consumption in crude.
  • Our advice is to take fatty or semi-fatty fish (blue fish) 2 to 3 times a week. Varies the species: salmon, red mullet, sardines, horse mackerel, bonito, tuna, mackerel, anchovy, etc.
  • Increase the daily consumption of vegetables.
  • Do not drink alcohol.
  • Do not consume industrial processed products rich in sugars, salt, oils and additives that are harmful to health (cookies, toast, bread, industrial cereals …).
  • It prioritizes the consumption of whole grains and avoids refined flours (white bread, pasta, biscuits …).
  • The preparation techniques of preference are: cooking, steaming and grilling. Do not take fried, breaded, barbecued or barbecues.
  • It is important that you increase physical activity: walking, running, swimming, aerobics, going up and down stairs … The best thing is that you schedule it as a daily activity.
  • Do relaxation exercises if you feel stressed or overwhelmed or if you have muscular tensions, since that feeling of tension may indicate that your stress levels are higher than normal. The use of these techniques will help you to regulate the alterations of stress hormones and to relax the tensions that your body presents, both physical and emotional.

References

  1. Shevelev OB, Seryapina AA, Zavjalov EL, Gerlinskaya LA, Goryachkovskaya TN, Slynko NM, Kuibida LV, Peltek SE, Markel AL, Moshkin MP. Hypotensive and neurometabolic effects of intragastric Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum) administration in hypertensive ISIAH rat strain. Phytomedicine. 2018 Mar 1;41:1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2018.01.013. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
  2. Tran HB, Yamamoto A, Matsumoto S, Ito H, Igami K, Miyazaki T, Kondo R, Shimizu K. Hypotensive effects and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory peptides of reishi (Ganoderma lingzhi) auto-digested extract. Molecules. 2014 Aug 29;19(9):13473-85. doi: 10.3390/molecules190913473.
  3. Mohamad Ansor N, Abdullah N, Aminudin N. Anti-angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) proteins from mycelia of Ganoderma lucidum (Curtis) P. Karst. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013 Oct 4;13:256. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-13-256.
  4. Evaluation of Selected Culinary-Medicinal Mushrooms for Antioxidant and ACE Inhibitory Activities. Abdullah N,, Ismail SM, Aminudin N, Shuib AS, Lau BF.Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012;2012:464238. doi: 10.1155/2012/464238. Epub 2011 Jun 18.
  5. Zhao YY, Xie RM, Chao X, Zhang Y, Lin RC, Sun WJ (2009) Bioactivity-directed isolation, identification of diuretic compounds from Polyporus umbellatus. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 126, 184-187.
  6. Hagiwara SY, Takahashi, M, Shen Y, Kaihou S, Tomiyama T, Yazawa M, Tamai Y, Sin Y, Kazusaka A, Terazawa M. A phytochemical in the edible Tamogi-take mushroom (Pleurotus cornucopiae), D-mannitol, inhibits ACE activity and lowers the blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry 69, 1603-1605.
  7. Guillamón E, García-Lafuente A, Lozano M, D´Arrigo M, Rostagno MA, Villares A, Martínez JA.(2010) Edible mushrooms: Role in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases Fitoterapia 81, 715-723.
  8. Manzi P, Gambelli L, Marconi S, Vivanti V, Pizzoferrato L (1999) Nutrients in edible mushrooms: an inter-species comparative study. Food Chemistry 65, 477-482.
    Pamnani MB, Chen X, Haddy FJ, Schooley JF, Mo Z (2000) Mechanism of antihypertensive effect of dietary potassium in experimental volume expanded hypertension in rats. Clinical and Experimental Hypertension 22, 555-569.
  9. Talpur NA, Echard BW, Fan YA, Jaffari O, Bagchi D, Preuss HG (2002) Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 237, 129-136.
  10. Rhee HM, Lee SY (1990) Cardiovascular effects of mycelium extract of Ganoderma lucidum: Inhibition of sympathetic efferent nerve activity. European Journal of Pharmacology 183, 1010-1011.
  11. Adachi K, Nanba H, Otsuka M, Kuroda H (1988) Blood pressure lowering activity present in the fruit body of Grifola frondosa (Maitake). Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 36, 1000-1006.
  12. Kabir Y, Kimura S (1989) Dietary mushrooms reduce blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 35, 91-94.
  13. Kabir Y, Kimura S, Tamura T (1988) Dietary effect of Ganoderma lucidum mushroom on blood pressure and lipid levels in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 34, 433-438.
  14. Kanmatsuse K, Kajiwara N, Hayashi K, Shimogaichi, S, Fukinbara I, Ishikawa H, Tamura T (1985) Studies on Ganoderma lucidum. I. Efficacy against hypertension and side effects. Yukugaru Zasshi 105, 942-947.

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