This article is based on Mayo Clinic’s content.

What is hypertension?

Commonly known as high blood pressure, a common disorder in which, the blood exerts excessive pressure on the arterial walls, which in time can can lead to health problems, such as heart disease.

Blood pressure is determined both by the amount of blood the heart pumps and by the amount of resistance to blood flow in the arteries. The more blood the heart pumps, and the narrower the arteries, the higher the blood pressure.

You can have high blood pressure for years without having symptoms. Even without symptoms, the damage to the blood vessels and to your heart is still occurring and can be detected. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases your risk of serious health problems, including heart attacks and strokes.

High blood pressure usually appears over a period of many years, and eventually affects almost everyone. Fortunately, it is easily detected and once known, you can work with your doctor to control and reduce it.

Do you want to know more about high blood pressure?

We recommend that you continue reading the Conditions section of the NHS website for the public.

Whatmushrooms have useful properties in hypertension?

Reishi

Shown to reduce hypertension.
There are numerous studies on the effect of Reishi extracts as a reducer of hypertension. The mushroom has shown to regulate angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) responsible for controlling blood pressure.

Polyporus

Anti-diuretic capacity
Certain compounds present in Polyporus may increase the extraction of water in the body thus having a diuretic effect.

References

  1. Shevelev OB, Seryapina AA, Zavjalov EL, Gerlinskaya LA, Goryachkovskaya TN, Slynko NM, Kuibida LV, Peltek SE, Markel AL, Moshkin MP. Hypotensive and neurometabolic effects of intragastric Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum) administration in hypertensive ISIAH rat strain. Phytomedicine. 2018 Mar 1;41:1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2018.01.013. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
  2. Tran HB, Yamamoto A, Matsumoto S, Ito H, Igami K, Miyazaki T, Kondo R, Shimizu K. Hypotensive effects and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory peptides of reishi (Ganoderma lingzhi) auto-digested extract. Molecules. 2014 Aug 29;19(9):13473-85. doi: 10.3390/molecules190913473.
  3. Mohamad Ansor N, Abdullah N, Aminudin N. Anti-angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) proteins from mycelia of Ganoderma lucidum (Curtis) P. Karst. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013 Oct 4;13:256. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-13-256.
  4. Evaluation of Selected Culinary-Medicinal Mushrooms for Antioxidant and ACE Inhibitory Activities. Abdullah N,, Ismail SM, Aminudin N, Shuib AS, Lau BF.Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012;2012:464238. doi: 10.1155/2012/464238. Epub 2011 Jun 18.
  5. Zhao YY, Xie RM, Chao X, Zhang Y, Lin RC, Sun WJ (2009) Bioactivity-directed isolation, identification of diuretic compounds from Polyporus umbellatus. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 126, 184-187.
  6. Hagiwara SY, Takahashi, M, Shen Y, Kaihou S, Tomiyama T, Yazawa M, Tamai Y, Sin Y, Kazusaka A, Terazawa M. A phytochemical in the edible Tamogi-take mushroom (Pleurotus cornucopiae), D-mannitol, inhibits ACE activity and lowers the blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry 69, 1603-1605.
  7. Guillamón E, García-Lafuente A, Lozano M, D´Arrigo M, Rostagno MA, Villares A, Martínez JA.(2010) Edible mushrooms: Role in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases Fitoterapia 81, 715-723.
  8. Manzi P, Gambelli L, Marconi S, Vivanti V, Pizzoferrato L (1999) Nutrients in edible mushrooms: an inter-species comparative study. Food Chemistry 65, 477-482.
    Pamnani MB, Chen X, Haddy FJ, Schooley JF, Mo Z (2000) Mechanism of antihypertensive effect of dietary potassium in experimental volume expanded hypertension in rats. Clinical and Experimental Hypertension 22, 555-569.
  9. Talpur NA, Echard BW, Fan YA, Jaffari O, Bagchi D, Preuss HG (2002) Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 237, 129-136.
  10. Rhee HM, Lee SY (1990) Cardiovascular effects of mycelium extract of Ganoderma lucidum: Inhibition of sympathetic efferent nerve activity. European Journal of Pharmacology 183, 1010-1011.
  11. Adachi K, Nanba H, Otsuka M, Kuroda H (1988) Blood pressure lowering activity present in the fruit body of Grifola frondosa (Maitake). Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 36, 1000-1006.
  12. Kabir Y, Kimura S (1989) Dietary mushrooms reduce blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 35, 91-94.
  13. Kabir Y, Kimura S, Tamura T (1988) Dietary effect of Ganoderma lucidum mushroom on blood pressure and lipid levels in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 34, 433-438.
  14. Kanmatsuse K, Kajiwara N, Hayashi K, Shimogaichi, S, Fukinbara I, Ishikawa H, Tamura T (1985) Studies on Ganoderma lucidum. I. Efficacy against hypertension and side effects. Yukugaru Zasshi 105, 942-947.

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