Polyporus

Polyporus umbellatus

What is Polyporus?

With white fibrous flesh Polyporus is an edible fungus also known as Polyporus umbellatus. It is not a very appreciated food although as been used for over 1,000 years in chinese medicine. In fact Polyporus is said to have been found among the belongings of The famous Otzi, the iceman found mummified on an Austrian glacier.

Four powerful benefits of Polyporus

  1. Fluid retention – Unique compounds in Polyporus make it an excellent natural diuretic. As it stimulates circulation it is the go to mushroom for lymphatic drainage.
  2. Respiratory problems – Therapeutic properties of polyporus help improve respiratory function and conditions affecting the lungs. Polyporus is the mushroom to help you breath well!
  3. Kidney Stones – Polyporus has agents that support kidney problems, particularly helpful in preventing the formation of kidney stones.
  4. Urinary infections – compounds found in polyporus help prevent urinary infections.

     

Some nutrients featured in Polyporus

  • Beta-glucans, supports the immune system which prevents infections.
  • Proteoglycans, a protein structure thats helps build connective tissue.
  • Triterpenes, a compound with many functions in the body.
  • Rich in minerals Calcium, Potassium, Iron, Manganese and Zinc.
  • High in B vitamins.
  • High in Ergosterol, the precursor of vitamin D.

 

References

1. Tan XL, Guo L, Wang GH. Polyporus umbellatus inhibited tumor cell proliferation and promoted tumor cell apoptosis by down-regulating AKT in breast cancer. Biomed Pharmacother. 2016 Oct;83:526-535. PubMed PMID: 27447121.
2. Zhang GW, Qin GF, Han B, Li CX, Yang HG, et al. Efficacy of Zhuling polyporus polysaccharide with BCG to inhibit bladder carcinoma. Carbohydr Polym. 2015 Mar 15; 118:30-5. PubMed PMID: 25542103.
3. Yoon JJ, Lee YJ, Lee SM, Kang DG, Lee HS. Oryeongsan suppressed high glucose-induced mesangial fibrosis. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2015 Feb 22; 15:30. PubMed PMID: 25880429; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4354744.
4. Zhao YY. Traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and quality control of Polyporus umbellatus (Pers) Fries: a review. J Ethnopharmacol. 2013 Aug 26;149(1):35-48. PubMed PMID: 23811047.
5. Hun Son K, Young Heo M. Inhibitory effects of Korean indigenous plants on tyrosinase and melanogenesis. J Cosmet Sci. 2013 Mar-Apr;64(2):145-58. PubMed PMID: 23578837.
6. Zhao YY, Zhang L, Long FY, Cheng XL, Bai X, et al. UPLC-Q-TOF/HSMS/MS(E)-based metabonomics for adenine-induced changes in metabolic profiles of rat faeces and intervention effects of ergosta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one. Chem Biol Interact. 2013 Jan 25;201(1-3):31-8. PubMed PMID: 23246428.
7. Sun Y, Liang X, Zhao Y, Fan J. A sensitive spectrofluorometric method for determination of ergosta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one in rat plasma, feces, and urine for application to pharmacokinetic studies using cerium (III) as a probe. Appl Spectrosc. 2013 Jan;67(1):106-11. PubMed PMID: 23317677.
8. Dai H, Han XQ, Gong FY, Dong H, Tu PF, et al. Structure elucidation and immunological function analysis of a novel β-glucan from the fruit bodies of Polyporus umbellatus (Pers) Fries. Glycobiology. 2012 Dec;22(12):1673-83. PubMed PMID: 22717313.
9. Zhao YY, Zhang L, Mao JR, Cheng XH, Lin RC, et al. Ergosta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one isolated from Polyporus umbellatus prevents early renal injury in aristolochic acid-induced nephropathy rats. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2011 Dec;63(12):1581-6. PubMed PMID: 22060289.
10. Li X, Xu W. TLR4-mediated activation of macrophages by the polysaccharide fraction from Polyporus umbellatus(pers) Fries. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Apr 26;135(1):1-6. PubMed PMID: 20600759.
11. Zhang G, Zeng X, Li C, Li J, Huang Y, et al. Inhibition of urinary bladder carcinogenesis by aqueous extract of sclerotia of Polyporus umbellatus fries and polyporus polysaccharide. Am J Chin Med. 2011;39(1):135-44. PubMed PMID: 21213404.
12. Zhao YY, Qin XY, Zhang Y, Lin RC, Sun WJ, et al. Quantitative HPLC method and pharmacokinetic studies of ergosta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one, a natural product with diuretic activity from Polyporus umbellatus. Biomed Chromatogr. 2010 Oct;24(10):1120-4. PubMed PMID: 20853466.
13. Li X, Xu W, Chen J. Polysaccharide purified from Polyporus umbellatus (Per) Fr induces the activation and maturation of murine bone-derived dendritic cells via toll-like receptor 4. Cell Immunol. 2010;265(1):50-6. PubMed PMID: 20673883.
14. Zhang G, Zeng X, Han L, Wei JA, Huang H. Diuretic activity and kidney medulla AQP1, AQP2, AQP3, V2R expression of the aqueous extract of sclerotia of Polyporus umbellatus FRIES in normal rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010 Mar 24;128(2):433-7. PubMed PMID: 20083182.
15. Zhao YY, Xie RM, Chao X, Zhang Y, Lin RC, et al. Bioactivity-directed isolation, identification of diuretic compounds from Polyporus umbellatus. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009 Oct 29;126(1):184-7. PubMed PMID: 19665537.
16. Xiong LL. [Therapeutic effect of combined therapy of Salvia miltiorrhizae and Polyporus umbellatus polysaccharide in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 1993 Sep;13(9):533-5, 516-7. PubMed PMID: 8111209.

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